ECD and Humanitarian Crisis resources (ECDAN) (English)

Various resources, guidance, articles and statistics addressing Early Childhood Development in times of crisis. The thematic page provides key information for those supporting children in humanitarian contextsor for those who want to.

A Mapping of Parenting Support Policies Worldwide to Prevent Violence Against Children

While recent systematic reviews indicate that parenting interventions reduce negative parenting behaviours, including child maltreatment, only 26 % of governments worldwide indicate that parenting support programs reach all parents in their country. This mapping study investigates which countries have a government policy to provide such parenting support aimed at reducing child-directed violence. To analyse parenting support within the broad cultural and historical contexts, this study covers all 194 countries and territories worldwide. A systematic stepwise online search was conducted to establish the existence, or not, of a parenting support policy to prevent violence against children and in the case that a policy was identified, the sectoral policy portfolio in which the policy was published. Findings showed that almost half of countries globally have a policy relating to parenting support to prevent child maltreatment. The highest concentration of such policies is in the European, Southeast Asia and Western Pacific Regions and globally parenting support are mainly stand-alone policies or embedded within a child protection policy. Ideas around parenting support have evolved over time however the link between policy and practice as well as the reality of implementation modalities remains unclear. The translation of policy to practice merits further attention if we want to reach every parent in the world who needs it.

Parenting interventions to promote early child development in the first three years of life: A global systematic review and meta-analysis

Parents are the primary caregivers of young children. Responsive parent–child relationships and parental support for learning during the earliest years of life are crucial for promoting early child development (ECD). We conducted a global systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of parenting interventions on ECD and parenting outcomes.

WHO guidelines on parenting interventions to prevent maltreatment and enhance parent–child relationships with
children aged 0–17 years: Report of the reviews for the WHO-INTEGRATE framework

This set of reviews addresses questions about the societal implications of parenting interventions, based on the WHO-INTEGRATE evidence to decision framework (Rehfuess et al., 2019). This evidence, will inform the WHO Guideline on Parenting Programmes to Prevent Child Maltreatment and Promote Positive Development in Children aged 0-17 Years. It will allow the Guideline Group to contextualise the main evidence of effectiveness from the systematic reviews, in the light of broader questions about acceptability, balance of benefit and harms, feasibility, and societal, economic, equity and human rights implications of parenting interventions. We use a combination of approaches to review the evidence including systematic, mixed-methods, qualitative, and narrative reviews of quantitative and qualitative primary studies, human rights based-analysis, and overviews of existing reviews.

World Health Organization Guidelines on Parenting Interventions to Prevent Maltreatment and Enhance Parent–Child Relationships with Children aged 0-17 Years: Report of the Systematic Reviews of Evidence

This report provides evidence on the effectiveness of parenting interventions across different contexts and populations. The findings of this report will inform the decisions of the WHO Guideline Development Group for guidelines on parenting to prevent child maltreatment and promote positive development in children aged 0–17 years. We systematically summarized the evidence on the effectiveness of parenting interventions using systematic reviewing as the predominant method. In total, we conducted two main systematic reviews, two systematic sub- reviews and one narrative review.