A Mapping of Parenting Support Policies Worldwide to Prevent Violence Against Children

While recent systematic reviews indicate that parenting interventions reduce negative parenting behaviours, including child maltreatment, only 26 % of governments worldwide indicate that parenting support programs reach all parents in their country. This mapping study investigates which countries have a government policy to provide such parenting support aimed at reducing child-directed violence. To analyse parenting support within the broad cultural and historical contexts, this study covers all 194 countries and territories worldwide. A systematic stepwise online search was conducted to establish the existence, or not, of a parenting support policy to prevent violence against children and in the case that a policy was identified, the sectoral policy portfolio in which the policy was published. Findings showed that almost half of countries globally have a policy relating to parenting support to prevent child maltreatment. The highest concentration of such policies is in the European, Southeast Asia and Western Pacific Regions and globally parenting support are mainly stand-alone policies or embedded within a child protection policy. Ideas around parenting support have evolved over time however the link between policy and practice as well as the reality of implementation modalities remains unclear. The translation of policy to practice merits further attention if we want to reach every parent in the world who needs it.

WHO guidelines on parenting interventions to prevent maltreatment and enhance parent–child relationships with children aged 0–17 years: Report of the reviews for the WHO-INTEGRATE framework

This set of reviews addresses questions about the societal implications of parenting interventions, based on the WHO-INTEGRATE evidence to decision framework (Rehfuess et al., 2019). This evidence, will inform the WHO Guideline on Parenting Programmes to Prevent Child Maltreatment and Promote Positive Development in Children aged 0-17 Years. It will allow the Guideline Group to contextualise the main evidence of effectiveness from the systematic reviews, in the light of broader questions about acceptability, balance of benefit and harms, feasibility, and societal, economic, equity and human rights implications of parenting interventions. We use a combination of approaches to review the evidence including systematic, mixed-methods, qualitative, and narrative reviews of quantitative and qualitative primary studies, human rights based-analysis, and overviews of existing reviews.

World Health Organization Guidelines on Parenting Interventions to Prevent Maltreatment and Enhance Parent–Child Relationships with Children aged 0-17 Years: Report of the Systematic Reviews of Evidence

This report provides evidence on the effectiveness of parenting interventions across different contexts and populations. The findings of this report will inform the decisions of the WHO Guideline Development Group for guidelines on parenting to prevent child maltreatment and promote positive development in children aged 0–17 years. We systematically summarized the evidence on the effectiveness of parenting interventions using systematic reviewing as the predominant method. In total, we conducted two main systematic reviews, two systematic sub- reviews and one narrative review.

Review and Analysis of Lessons Learned from Existing Positive Parenting Programmes in East Asia and the Pacific

This Review and analysis of lessons learned from existing positive parenting programmes in East Asia and the Pacific (‘The Review’) builds upon momentum generated through UNICEF’s June 2016 Regional Conference on Parenting Support Interventions for Violence Prevention and its call for an analysis of learning with regards to the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation and scale-up of existing parenting support interventions in the region. The purpose of this Review is to provide guidance to key stakeholders at national level who are engaged in or responsible for promoting parenting interventions as they plan, design

Promoting Positive Parenting: Lessons from Programmes in East Asia and the Pacific – Case Studies

Working in coordination with UNICEF EAPRO and country offices, Maestral International conducted a review of parenting programmes in East Asia and the Pacific. The overall goal was to examine the landscape and typology of existing parenting programmes and provide guidance on the design, implementation and scale up of effective parenting programmes with a focus on those reducing harsh child rearing practices and creating an enabling environment for nurturing care, services, and policies for children and their families. In carrying out this objective, a team of Maestral consultants conducted field visits to observe programmes in
Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand, Timor Leste and Viet Nam. Key informant interviews and desk reviews of programme in the Philippines and Papua New Guinea were also conducted.

Philanthropic Funding for Parent, Caregiver, and Family Support Programs in the Global South

The evidence is clear that from the moment a child is conceived, they need their parents, caregivers, and/or families to survive, thrive, and meet their developmental potential. Earlier this year, the ECFG Parenting & Family Strengthening interest group identified the need to understand philanthropic investments that support the adults whose behaviors, skills, and well-being impact children’s development. ECFG commissioned this exercise to map foundation investments in parenting and caregiving across the Global South. This mapping explores the who, what, when, where, and how of these investments.

Regional Mapping and Scoping Report Parenting Support Interventions Middle East & North Africa Region

The overall purpose of the regional mapping and scoping exercise is to increase cross-country learning by providing a general overview of the parenting landscape in the MENA region as well as reviewing selected interventions that meet criteria associated with parenting programming effectiveness. This report summarises the findings of this exercise, highlighting examples of parenting interventions that are being implemented across the region and case studies that reflect different aspects of parenting interventions across the life cycle. In view of the Jordan-specific focus of the consultancy, a more detailed case study on Jordan’s Better Parenting Programme is also presented in this report. Specific recommendations are highlighted at the end of each section and are summarised again at the end of the report. These recommendations are intended to inform discussions on strategic objectives and key priority interventions around parenting support in the MENA region as well as concrete actions needed to support countries in their programming. This will be followed by the development of a MENA-specific Strategic Framework for Action, Road Map and Practical Guide on parenting support programming.

Family and Parenting Support Policy and Provision in a Global Context

This report examines and analyses policies and provision for family support and parenting support. The goals of tthe research are to identify relevant global trends and develop an analytical framework that can be used for future research and policy analysis. For these purposes, new evidence was gathered and existing evidence systematized and analysed. The report is based on general literature searches and evidence gathered from 33 UNICEF national offices, located in different parts of the world, and detailed case studies of nine countries (Belarus, Chile, China, Croatia, England, Jamaica, the Philippines, South Africa and Sweden). The focus was on the features and characteristics of interventions, the underlying rationales and philosophical orientations, and the factors that are driving developments.

Designing Parenting Programmes for Violence Prevention: A Guidance Note

This Guidance Note has been developed to support UNICEF and their partners to support and implement parenting interventions that prevent and respond to violence against children. The goal of this Guidance Note is to demonstrate the importance of including violence prevention and response, against children and all forms of gender-based violence, within parenting programmes. It brings together the current evidence and emerging experience of the importance of supporting positive parenting in the prevention of and response to all forms of violence, with a focus on low- and middle-income countries.